Air pressure in aircraft pressurized cabin control optimizing method
Design, construction and manufacturing of flying vehicles
Аuthors1*, 1**, 1, 2***
1. MESC Air Force “Air Force Academy named after professor N.E. Zhukovskii and Yu.A. Gagarin”, 54a, Starykh bol'shevikov, Voronezh, 394064, Russia
2. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, А-80, GSP-3, 125993, Russia
The subject of research is the air pressure regulation system in the aircraft pressurized cabin. The purpose of the work consists in developing a mathematical model of predicting the required air pressure in the aircraft pressurized cabin with a view to predictive actuation of control valves of conditioning and pressure regulation system to prevent accidents.
The performed evaluation of air pressure regulation in modern aircraft of the fifth generation pressurized cabin capability revealed that at intensive combat maneuvering mode in vertical plane, and in case of the aircraft cabin decompression at high altitudes, the conventional facilities did not ensure pressure regulation in the cabin according to medical-technical safety requirements for crewmember safety under extreme conditions of high-altitude flight. These modes do not ensure reliable protection of crew members fr om unfavorable factors of high-altitude flight.
The evaluation of the technical capabilities of air in the pressurized cabin of modern aircraft 5th generation pressure control systems showed that there are modes of intensive combat maneuvers in the vertical plane, as well as instances of cabin depressurization of the aircraft at high altitudes existing facilities do not provide pressure regulation in the pressurized cabin according to health -technical requirements of crew safety in the extreme conditions of high-altitude flying, thus these modes do not provide reliable protection of the crew from the adverse factors of high altitude flight.
The paper proposes the method for air pressure control based on the flight parameters control and computing for the preset time interval the pitch and vertical speed values, depending on the control stick position changes, according to previous calculations our mathematical model shows required pressure in the pressurized cabin and its rate of change. If the pressure in pressurized cabin deviates from the lim it value, the proactive changes in pressure in the pressurized cabin are performed in pre-calculated time interval by affecting air regulator and pressure regulator valves. The paper presents mathematical model of pressure control in the pressurized cabin and the valve control algorithm in the pressure control system.
Keywords:сombat aircraft, pressurized control system, pressurized cabin
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