Turboprop rotation frequency stabilization while its testing together with water brake

Control and testing of flying vehicles and their systems


Аuthors

Gimavied A. G.1*, Bukin V. A.2, Gareev A. M.1**, Greshnyakov P. I.1***, Kutuev S. S.1****

1. Samara National Research University named after Academician S.P. Korolev, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russia
2. JSC “Kuznetsov”, 29, Zavodskoye shosse, Samara, 443009, Russia

*e-mail: gimadiev_ag@mail.ru
**e-mail: gareyev@ssau.ru
***e-mail: pavel.ssau@gmail.com
****e-mail: kutuevstas@outlook.com

Abstract

While a turboprop design and operation a necessity occurs to determine their developed power and compressor gas-dynamic stability margin. Depending on the engine power water brake, electric and other installations are employed. However, water brake which shaft was connected to the turbo-compressor shaft through the clutch, was traditionally employed for the powerful engines. Disturbances from the water brake side in the form of water pressure (consumption) oscillations often occur while the engine testing. These disturbances lead to its rotor rotation frequency oscillations, which do not allow accurate determining the engine power or the compressor stability margin. The available information on stability provision of the engine rotation frequency while its testing on hydraulic braking installation, is insufficient. The article presents results of theoretical and experimental studies of speed oscillations of the turboprop engine rotor connected with the water brake. It is shown that in the engine-water brake system, the torque oscillations are excited by the frequencies:

– rotary frequency of 140 Hz;

– resonance of the water brake frame with the engine of 14.5...15.5 Hz;

– fluctuations of water in the water brake supply pipes of 3...5 Hz;

– the processes in the water brake rotating disk cavities and the of the test bench hydro mechanical engine speed regulator functioning of 0.15 ... 0.30 Hz.

Oscillations of the engine rotor speed occur in the low frequency range of 0.15...0.30 Hz due to its inertia. From all measures of the engine rotor speed stabilization, the best result was achieved by employing hydraulic dampers for pressure fluctuations at the inlets of water brake throttle valves. It ensured the amplitude of the engine rotor rotation frequency oscillations at 15...25 rpm at maximum mode, and the joint point of operation of the engine with water brakes. However, when determining the compressor gas-dynamic stability margin, an oscillatory process is observed, slightly exceeding the permissible amplitude values. Further turboprop engine rotor speed stabilization at this water brake installation, at which the compressor gas-dynamic stability margin determining is possible, can be performed by improving its test bench system for engine speed automatic regulation.

Keywords:

engine, water brake, torque, rotation frequency, tests, oscillations, absorber, analysis

References

  1. Bochkarev S.K., Belousov A.N., Kuznetsov S.P. Ispytaniya aviatsionnykh dvigatelei (Aircraft engines tests. Textbook for universities), Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 2009, 504 p.

  2. Turbovintovoi dvigatel’ NK-12MV. Aviatsionnaya entsiklopediya “Ugolok neba”, 2004, URL: http://www.airwar.ru/enc/engines/nk12mv.html

  3. Gavrilenko, B.A., Minin V.A., Olovnikov L.S.. Gidravlicheskie tormoza (Water brakes), Moscow, Izd-vo mashinostroitel’noi literatury, 1961, 244 p.

  4. Golovashchenko A., Spitsyn V., Botsula A., Kosse S. Dvigatel’, 2004, no. 4, pp. 16 – 54.

  5. Novosel’tsev M.N., Shuraev O.P., Chichurin A.G. Vestnik Volzhskoi gosudarstvennoi akademii vodnogo transporta, 2017, no. 51, pp. 191 – 206.

  6. Zakieva Yu.A., Bezukladnikov G.G. Sborka i ispytaniya, 2010, no. 2, pp. 186 – 188.

  7. Torabnia S., Banazadeh A. Development of a water brake dynamometer with regard to the modular product design methodology, Proceedings of the ASME 2014, 12th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, 2014, doi: 10.1115/esda2014-20232

  8. Daily J.W., Nece R.E. Chamber Dimension Effects on Induced Flow and Frictional Resistance of Enclosed Rotating Disks, Transactions of the ASME, ASME Journal of Basic Engineering, 1960, no. 82, pp. 217 – 230.

  9. Evans D.G. Analysis of internal flow characteristics of a smooth-disk water-brake dynamometer, NASA TN D-7234, 1973, available at: https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19730015589.pdf

  10. Chew J.W., Vaughan C.M. Numerical predictions for the flow induced by an enclosed rotating disc, The American society of mechanical engineers, 1988, available at: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840105

  11. Van den Braembussche R.A., Malys H. Dynamic Stability of a water brake dynamometer, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 1998, vol. 120, pp. 89 – 96.

  12. Gruenbacher E., del Re L., Kokal H., Schmidt M., Paulweber M. Adaptive control of engine torque with input delays, Proceedings of the 17th World Congress The International Federation of Automatic Control, Barselona, 2008, pp. 9479 – 9484.

  13. Passenbrunner T.E., Sassano M., Trogmann H., del Re L., Paulweber M., Schmidt M., Kokal H. Inverse Torque Control of Hydrodynamic Dynamometers for Combustion Engine Test Benches, Proceedings of the American Control Conference, 2011, pp. 4598 – 4603.

  14. Sykes C.L., Sagehorn K.H. Systems and Methods for Controlling the Stability of a Water Brake Dynamometer. United States Patent US7.942.249 B2.

  15. Bobarika I.O., Demidov A.I. Trudy MAI, 2016, no. 85, available at: http://trudymai.ru/eng/published.php?ID=70409

  16. Matlab documentation, 2018, URL: https://www.mathworks.com/help/index.html

  17. Gimadiev A.G. Greshnyakov P.I., Sinyakov A.F. LMS Imagine.LabAMESim kak effektivnoe sredstvo modelirovaniya dinamicheskikh protsessov v mekhatronnykh sistemakh (LMS Imagine.LabAMESim as an effective tool for dynamic processes modeling in mechatronic systems), Samara, Izd-vo SamNTs RAN, 2014, 138 p.

  18. Shorin V.P. Ustranenie kolebanii v aviatsionnykh truboprovodakh (Elimination of oscillations in aviation pipelines), Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 1980, 156 p.

  19. Gimadiev A.G., Shakhmatov E.V. Izvestiya vuzov. Mashinostroenie, 1983, no. 8, pp. 88 – 92.


Download

mai.ru — informational site MAI

Copyright © 2000-2019 by MAI

Вход