Suggestions for expansion research program of Venus from the experience of the design Lavochkin association.

Space technics and technology


Vorontsov V. A.1*, Krajnov A. M.1**, Martynov М. B.1***, Pichkhadze К. М.2****, Khartov V. V.1

1. Lavochkin Research and Production Association, NPO Lavochkin, 24, Leningradskay str., Khimki, Moscow region, 141400, Russia
2. Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, А-80, GSP-3, 125993, Russia



At present one project “Venera-D” for creation a spacecraft to study Venus is included in Russian Federal Space Program. The letter "D" means - long-term studies. As a result of research work a set of scientific problems was defined and a project image of the spacecraft was formed. In addition, within the research work conducted an analysis of alternative facilities that can be used in following missions to study Venus.


spacecraft, Windcraft, planetary rover, penetrator, balloon probe, lander, the orbiter.

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