Spacecraft propulsion and electrical power systems electronic databank designing
Aerospace propulsion engineering
Аuthors, , , , , *
Central Research Institute of Machine Building, 4, Pionerskaya st., Korolev, Moscow region, 141070, Russia
Spacecraft propulsion and electrical power systems (PEPS) electronic databank (EDB) is being designed. It includes performance onboard propulsion systems (PS) and electrical power (EPS) system as well as the information on PEPS subsystems in the structure of f multipurpose spacecraft. EDB includes some standard and prospective spacecraft PS and EPS which is needed for Russian astronautics tasks. Availability of such EDB will allow to estimate in a complex the state of scientific and technical development in this area at present and in the long term. It also will facilitate for onboard PS and EPS and spacecraft developers to search demanded subsystem during the design and other works. EDB is intended for the experimental design bureau and the scientific research institutes which are engaged in designing and development of spacecraft and onboard PS and EPS.
PS and EPS subsystem performance included in EDB are the prime power sources, energy storage systems, power management and distribution, spacecraft thrusters and also information about PEPS subsystems in various spacecraft structures. Structurally EDB consists of two sections: power supply spacecraft systems and spacecraft thrusters.
EDB has to contain the data on spacecraft PS and EPS performance necessary for developers to solve the current and prospective problems of the Russian astronautics. In this connection within this work the review of spacecraft standard and prospective spacecraft PS and EPS are carried out. The most demanded of them for the EDB structure formation and its further updating planning are defined. The demanded PS and EPS subsystems imply as the PS and EPS subsystems which are commonly made, and from those under development — the most suitable for the solution of future prospective Russian astronautics problems.
EDB includes PS and EPS which can be used in spacecraft, space stations and in the transport spaceships. Prospective tasks imply providing prospective spacecraft meeting the increased requirements for PS and EPS power, e.g. transport service of lunar mission, Mars expedition spacecraft, orbital transfer vehicle.
Keywords:electronic databank, spacecraft, power supply, electrical power system, propulsion system, propulsion and electrical power system
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