Medium and heavy class uavs control system potential threats analysis

Information and measuring and control systems


Аuthors

Amenitskiy M. V.

Moscow scientific-research radio engineering institute, MNIRTI, 2/1, Bolshoy Trehsvyatitelsky per., Moscow, 109028, Russia

e-mail: m.amenitskiy@gmail.com

Abstract

The goal of the article consists in substantiation of aerial flying vehicles’ (UAV) control systems analysis with a view to the present ability of control interception and confidential information discredit.

The author developed the UAV control system’s information influence algorithm based on STANAG 4586 Edition No 3 Control System (UCS) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) NATO Standardization Agreement 4586.

The presented algorithm determines possible channels for impact. The basic criterion for determining the system element as subjected to an external impact is existence of communications links, passing through the space points accessible for an intruder. To confirm the impact possibility, the supposed attack scenario is described using the suggested impact vector. The article considers various impact directions, which goal consists in intercepting control over the UAV, and reveals various merits and demerits of each of them.

The UAV control system information flows algorithm was developed. The revealed impact vectors were analyzed by the “strengths and weaknesses” method.

Several requirements to activities on UAV prototype model design management aimed at information security enhancement of the UAV control system were determined.

It was revealed in the course of the studies that the most effective impact on the control system of medium and heavy class UAVs is the impact on the systems of spatial positioning and navigation.

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicles, information security, cyber-attack, robotics, counteraction to unmanned aerial vehicle, attacks, telecommunication system, security

References

  1. Lolita C. Baldor. Flashy drone strikes raise status of remote pilots. The Boston Globe, 2012, available at: http://www.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/2012/08/11/air-force-works-fill-need-for-drone-pilots/ScoF70N...

  2. CNN Wire Staff. Obama says U.S. has asked Iran to return drone aircraft, 2011, available at: http://edition.cnn.com/2011/12/12/world/meast/iran-us-drone

  3. Noah Shachtman. Exclusive: Virus Hits U.S. Drone Fleet, available at: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2011/10/virus-hits-drone-fleet

  4. STANAG 4586 (NATO Standardization Agreement 4586) is a NATO Standard Interface of the Unmanned Control System (UCS) Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), URL: https://defense-update.com/products/s/stanag_4586.htm

  5. Podins K., Stinissen J., Maybaum M., (Eds.). The Vulnerability of UAVs to Cyber Attacks – An Approach to the Risk Assessment. 5th International Conference on Cyber Conflict. NATO CCD COE Publications, Tallinn, 2013.

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  7. Kornilin D.V., Kudryavtsev I.A. Issledovanie kharakteristik navigatsionnykh signalov sistem GPS, GALILEO, GLONASS (The study of GPS GALILEO, GLONASS navigation systems signals’ characteristics), Samara, Izd-vo Samarskii gosudarstvennyi aerokosmicheskii universitet, 2011, 27 p.


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