Review of Publications on Wireless on Sensor Networks Self-Organization

Computing machinery, complexes and computer networks


Аuthors

Terentiev M. N.

Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), 4, Volokolamskoe shosse, Moscow, А-80, GSP-3, 125993, Russia

e-mail: m-te@yandex.ru

Abstract

This paper is devoted to various aspects of wireless sensor networks (WSN) self-organization. The WSN specific features distinguishing them from a more general class are revealed. These features are as follows: directions of data flows, nodes mobility and limited resources. The article formulated the main WSN performance indicators, such as network lifetime, reliability, scalability and message transmission rate. With reference to the WSN, the following principles of self-organizing systems developing are considered: local interactions rules that achieve global goals developing; ceasing a perfect interaction seeking; implicit coordination application; reduce the information volume on the system state; developing the protocols adapted to the changes. The article substantiates the importance of the general self-organization mechanisms (positive and negative feedback, nondeterministic behavior, nodes interaction) in various WSN functioning protocols and methods, such as MACA, S-MAC, PCM, SMACS, SFSN, flooding, AODV, OLSR, hierarchical routing. Based on the analysis, the conclusion was made on the impossibility of developing a fully functional WSN with the agreed values of its performance indicators without developing a unified method of the WSN functioning based on the self-organization principles.

Keywords:

wireless sensor network, self-organization, performance indicator, protocol, duty cycle, multiple access to channel, routing

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