Rendezvous the space debris and the space tug using tether

Theoretical mechanics


Аuthors

Aslanov V. S.*, Pikalov R. S.**

Samara National Research University named after Academician S.P. Korolev, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russia

*e-mail: aslanov_vs@mail.ru
**e-mail: pickalovrs@gmail.com

Abstract

The problem of space debris it is one of the most important problems of modern astronautics. According to the forecast made by Donald J. Kessler, the space debris can put an end to further space exploration. One of the solution its problem are so-called the active debris removal systems. The essence of this concept is the use of the special space tugs, which carry out the capture of the large space debris objects and their leading away from the orbit. This work focuses on the stage of pulling the space debris by the tug. The main particularity of this paper is to that the rendezvous of the tug and the space debris is done by controlling the length of the tether according to a prescribed law.

A mathematical model describing the spatial motion of the tug — space debris system was developed. The tug and the space debris are considered as material points, which connected by a viscoelastic tether. Internal interaction of the tug and the space debris is determined by the viscoelastic force of the tether. The tug is under constant thrust. Motion occurs in the gravitational field of the Earth. The linearized equations of motion was derived. The tether length control law for the rendezvous of the space debris and the tug by means of the viscoelastic tether is proposed. An analytic expression for the frequency oscillations of the tether was obtained.

A series of numerical simulations was performed to study the dynamics of the system at the time of the maneuver rendezvous. The simulations are run for 50 seconds with the tug thrust constantly on and without any active control system. The initial altitude is set to be 800 km and the initial velocities of the spacecraft are equal and in accordance to a circular orbit. The Runge-Kutta method is used to propagate the differential equations. Results show that at the end of the maneuver rendezvous in the tether, there are high-frequency oscillations and their frequency increases. That confirmed our analytical expression for the frequency of oscillations of the tether. Influence of the viscoelastic properties of the tether on the dynamics of the system was studied. It is shown that higher stiffness for the tether is better for implementation safety rendezvous of the tug and the space debris.

The results of the calculations show that the practical implementation of the rendezvous of the tug and the space debris is possible, but requires additional measures to damping of the oscillations. The obtained results can be applied to study the properties and possible configurations of the active debris removal system, as well as applications for the tasks of implement rendezvous of two bodies using tether.

In future research on the subject we should find ways to reduce the oscillation of the tether and verify the dynamics with regard to the consideration of the tug and the space debris as solids bodies.

Keywords:

spacecraft rendezvous, active space debris removal, tethered system, space tug, tethered control

References


  1. Kessler D.J., Cour-Palais B.G. Collision frequency of artificial satellites: the creation of a debris belt, Journal of geophysical research, 1978. Vol. 83. pp. 2637-2646.

  2. Anselmo L., Pardini C. Ranking upper stages in low Earth orbit for active removal. 6th European conference for aeronautics and space sciences. In: 6th European conference for aeronautics and space sciences, June 29 - July 2015, Krakow, Poland, (2015).

  3. Bolonkin A. New methods of removing space debris, http://www.rxiv.org/pdf/1403.0670v1.pdf, 2014.

  4. Anselmo L., Pardini C. Analysis of the consequences in low earth orbit of the collision between cosmos 2251 and iridium, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228975104, 2009.

  5. Pelton J.N. New solutions for the space debris problem. Springer Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London, 2015.

  6. Shan M., Gup J., Gill E. Review and comparison of active space debris capturing and removal methods, Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 2009. Vol. 80. pp. 18-32.

  7. Saunders C., Forshaw J.L., Lappas V.J., Chiesa A., Parreira B., Biesbroek R. Mission and systems design for the debris removal of massive satellites. In: 65th International Astronautical Congress, September 29 - October 3, Toronto, Canada, (2015).

  8. Phipps C.R., Baker K.L., Libby S.B., Liedahi D.A., Olivier S.S. Removing orbital debris with lasers, Advanced in Space Research, 2013. Vol. 49 no. 9. pp. 1283-1300.

  9. DeLuca L.T., Bernelli F., Maggi F., Tadini P., Pardini C. Active debris removal by a hybrid propulsion module, Acta Astronautica, 2013. Vol. 91. pp. 20-33.

  10. Avdeev A.V., Metel'nikov A.A. Trudy MAI, 2016, no.89: http://www.mai.ru/science/trudy/eng/published.php?ID=72840

  11. Ashurbeili I.R., Lagovier A.I., Ignat'ev A.B., Nazarenko A.V. Trudy MAI, 2011, no.43: http://www.mai.ru/science/trudy/eng/published.php?ID=24856

  12. Nishida S., Kawamoto S. Strategy for capturing of a tumbling space debris, Acta Astronautica, 2011. Vol. 68. no. 1-2, pp. 113-120.

  13. Trushlyakov V., Makarov J., Raykunov G., Shatrov J., Baranovo D. The development of autonomous onboard systems for the controlled deorbiting of stages separating parts of space launch vehicle. In: 2nd European Workshopon On Active Debris Removal, Quentin, Paris, France, (2012).

  14. Makarov Y., Ronse A., Trushlyakov V. The use of adapted upper stages for the removal of satellite and rocket body debris from unstable orbital regions, In: 62nd International Astronautical Congress, October 3-7, Cape Town, South Africa, (2011).

  15. Lee E.Z.J., Seubert C.R., Schaub H., Trushkyakov V., Yutkin E. Tethered tug for large low earth orbit debris removal. In: AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, January 29 - February 2, Charleston, South Carolina, (2012).

  16. Cougnet C., Alary D., Gerber B., Utzmann J., Wagner A. The debritor an "off the shelf " based nultimission vehicle for large space debris removal. In: 63rd International Astronautical Congress, October 1-5, Naples, Italy, (2012).

  17. Benvenuto R., Salvi S., Lavagna M. Dynamics analysis and GNC design of flexible systems for space debris active removal, Acta Astronautica, 2015. Vol. 110. pp. 247-265.

  18. Bonnal C., Ruault J-M., Desjean M-C. Active debris removal: Recent progress and current trends, Acta Astronautica, 2013. Vol. 85. pp. 51-60.

  19. Aslanov V.S., Alekseev A.V., Ledkov A.S. Trudy MAI, 2016, no.90: http://www.mai.ru/science/trudy/eng/published.php?ID=74644

  20. Flodin L. Attitude and orbit control during deorbit of tethered space debris, http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A812509&dswid=7351, 2015.

  21. Pang Z., Yu B., Jin D. Chaotic motion analysis of a rigid spacecraft dragging a satellite by an elastic tether, Acta Mechanica, 2015. Vol. 226. pp. 2761-2771.

  22. Wen H., Zhu Z.H., Jin D., Hu H. Constrained tension control of a tethered space-tug system with only length measurement, Acta Astronautica, 2016. Vol.119. pp. 110-117.

  23. Aslanov V.S., Yudintsev V.V. Dynamics of large debris connected to space tug by a tether, Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, 2013. Vol. 36 no. 6. pp. 1654-1660.

  24. Aslanov V.S., Yudintsev V.V. Dynamics of large space debris removal using tethered space tug, Acta Astronautica, 2013. Vol. 91. pp. 149-156.

  25. Aslanov V.S., Yudintsev V.V. Dynamics, analytical solutions and choice of parameters for towed space debris with flexible appendages, Advances in Space Research, 2015. Vol.2. no. 2 pp. 660–667.

  26. Aslanov V.S., Ledkov A.S. Dynamics of the tethered satellite system. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2012. 331 p.

  27. Hovell K., Ulrich S. Attitude stabilization of an uncooperative spacecraft in an orbital environment using visco-elastic tethers. In: AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference, January 9 - 13, Gaylord, Texas, (2016).

  28. Dobranravov V.V., Nikitin N.N., Dvornikov A.L. Kurs teoreticheskoj mekhaniki (The course of theoretical mechanics), Moscow, Vysshaya shkola, 1966, 623 p.

  29. Williams P. Dynamic multibody modeling for tethered space elevators Acta Astronautica, 2009. Vol. 65. no. 3-4. pp. 399-422.

  30. Yuzhnoye State Design Office, http://www.yuzhnoye.com/en/technique/rocket-engines/low-thrust


Download

mai.ru — informational site MAI

Copyright © 2000-2021 by MAI

Вход