2006. № 25

Methods and tutorials

Galetskaya I. M., Remennikova I. A., Figon E. B.

The idea of multilingualism gains much importance now when the process of globalization of different spheres of life seem irreversible. The globalization process made Russia a part of the international community. The graduates of universities become part of the international workforce. To make them competitive on the modern job market we are to provide them with the necessary professional skills such as the ability to obtain information and present it effectively both orally and in writing. The article considers the principles of creating a coursebook which on the basis of students' knowledge of English will enable them to become aware of the French and German languages and at the same time obtain certain skills of coping with scientific and technical texts in these languages as well. The book will help learners transfer their first language reading skills into their second language. The authors suggest the original methods of teaching foreign languages, which are used in the second and third stages of training in MAI.

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Kochneva L. V.

Higher requirements to specialists with higher education who are guided on realization themselves in profession are founded in the article. Carried out research let us suggest approaches to psychological preparation of technical university students that will make citizenship development and formation of professionally important qualities, personal value realization of professional maintenance of future activity during the course of life possible.

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Space technics and technology

Konioukhov G. V., Koroteev A. A.

Brand new type of space radiators is considered. These radiators are based on the radiative cooling of specially formed fine-dyspersated shroud of actuating medium, freely spreading in space between liquid droplets generator and hydrocollector.

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Konioukhov G. V., Koroteev A. A.

Analytic methods of calculation of liquid droplet radiator's shroud radiative cooling in the conditions of micro gravitation, deep vacuum and external radiation are concidered.

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Konioukhov G. V., Koroteev A. A.

Method of liquid droplet radiator's shroud radiative cooling calculation is presented. In the case of optical transparency in one direction, the possibilities of simplified method's realization are considered.

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Economics and management

Mkrtchyan G. A., Dobryashkina E. N., Cherner N. V.

The definition of the managerial functions of controlling, its system relationships with other managerial elements √ primarily with the enterprise's objectives and plans √ are given; the conceptual independence and the unique characteristics of controlling, as distinct from other organizational and verification activities within the firm, are set forth; the controlling process including its basic steps √ (a) measuring the performance of the firm, (b) comparing the measurement data to the established standards and the objectives of the plan, (c) identifying the deviations and their causes and taking corrective actions √ are describe; the "feedforward control" of the controlling process and the "feedback" of conventional automatic systems, as well the real-time information, are compared.

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Myakochin A. S.

The article about the problem of efficiency of use of a land-property complex of the industrial enterprises of city of Moscow is consecrated. The technique of an estimation of economic feedback from use of a land-property complex of the industrial enterprises is developed. The automation, the developed technique, by creation of software product is made.

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Physics

Asriyants G. S., Kravchun S. N., Tretiyakova O. N.

Investigation of nanostructures characteristic features is one of today's important research areas in condensed state physics. Nanostructures include thin films on a substrate. The importance of these researches results from the rapid development of microelectronics and nanotechnologies. The discontinuous heating method proved to be very effective in investigation of thermal properties of a thin film on a substrate. We provided calculations for amplitude and phase of temperature oscillation in a 1 thin film with steeply decreasing thermal conductivity in the proximity to the border with substrate. We also examined the case which arises from ferroelectric phase transition analysis. It was shown that it is possible to avoid any noticeable influence of a thin film heterogeneity on the measuring results with decrease of the temperature gradient in it.

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Vinogradov V. S., Tretiyakova O. N., Cheredov V. V.

A research of a charged particles beams transport through various environments and the phenomena connected with it both for theoretical researches, and for practical applications is interested. In the given work the simulation algorithm of the electrons beams transport through amorphous bodies (environments with the disorder nuclear structure) is presented. For calculation of a body heating as result of a energy distribution the heat conductivity equation for axial-symmetric target is solved.

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Computing. Information technology

Brekhov O. M., Korneenkova A. V.

Clause is devoted to research and development of a method and a technique of program emulation of onboard digital computers with changeable commands's system. Feature of considered onboard digital computers is the expansion of a base commands's set.

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Firsov G. V.

Materials of given article are devoted to the description of a method of maintenance of fault tolerance of the network onboard computing systems, constructed on the basis of the algorithm of the acceptance of the consolidated decision (ACD). The considered algorithm is based on a "parliamentary" method of formation of the final decision on isolation of the given up part of the system, based on an exchange of "opinions" on a condition of system between units on each system cycle. The distributed real time operating system (DRTOS) in which as the key mechanism the algorithm of acceptance of the consolidated decision is used is developed and realized. The description of structure and properties of the developed operating system is resulted.

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Information systems

Lomtev S. A.

Concepts and methodical recommendations on forming the automated system of production modernization management on the basis of applying principles of natural systems self-organization and idea of generalized Fourier series are presented in the article, owing to which complex processes are considered as a result of system (super additive) merge of basic elements. The gist of the suggested information-basic approach is a developing system of the hybrid (human-machine) intelligence that is based on modern information and communication technologies, that allows to make effective administrative decisions on production modernization and capable of fast prediction on the basis of dynamic information processing.

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Radio engineering. Electronics

Ageev I. M., Shishkin G. G., Eskin S. M.

The decay of bioradiation in dielectric and metallic waveguides was measured by means of conductive water sensors. It was presumed that measured bioradiation had electromagnetic features with frequencies of submillimeter band.

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