2004. № 15

Methods and tutorials

Galetskaya I. M.

While translating any English article into Russian the student often faces difficulties connected with the language peculiarities such as a wide usage of terms, compound nouns, attributive noun groups, conversion, complicated terminology groups. Prefixes and suffixes for forming new derivatives are widely used as well. Such difficulties in the translation are also caused by a lack of student's knowledge of the native language, their inability to express their thoughts adequately and strong interference of the English language too. The article focuses on translating terms, sophisticated noun groups, noun-forming and verb-forming suffixes and prefixes. Some examples of overcoming these difficulties are provided. In order to understand and translate the text properly, the student must possess some background knowledge. In conclusion it should be noted the following: while you are translating from English, think of Russian!

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Galetskaya I. M.

In today's challenging business environment learning a language is of vital importance for a specialist. The language must become the tool, which will give a young specialist a possibility to work successfully competing labor market. The specialist involved in the area of international cooperation has to deal with a number of economic and management problems associated with his (her) professional activity. To solve this problem this specialist must possess certain skills and knowledge of both theoretical and applied character. The course of studies at the faculty of Management and Business of Moscow Aviation Institute combines general language and specific purposes. The globalization process made Russia a part of the international community. To make our graduates competitive on the job market we are to provide them with the necessary professional skills such as decision-making, the ability to obtain information and present it effectively both orally and in writing.

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Mkrtchyan G. A., Vecherinina E. A., Cheprakova L. A.

The problems of interlingual communication in the sphere of transmission of technological and economic information, and the basic points and methods of mastering a foreign language at higher educational enterprises, are considered; the basic aspects of the theory of translation and the fun-damental problem of equal-worth interlanguage translatability (the diversity of national languages versus the universality of human thinking and human mentality) are discussed; the typology of kinds of translation, and a brief review of history of translation in Europe and in this country, as well as the present-day status of automatic (machine) translation, are presented.

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Gluhova U. N., Cheprakova L. A.

In the article some questions about organization of the work with newspapers and magazines on lessons on a foreign language are considered. In particular the question about linguistical and extralinguistical aspects of a press is esteemed; some directions on which can pass work with newspapers during lessons on foreign language are offered, as well as separate tasks for performing by the students with miscellaneous level of preparation are presented.

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Aviation technics and technology

Zakharov M. A.

Methods of measurement rotary and non-stationary derivative and their complexes on the dynamic installations established in aeropipes are submitted. Expressions of fields of relative speeds of flying device (FD) in oscillatory flight and model FD are determined at his(its) imitation. It is shown, that at a constant stream of air complexes, (are measured at fluctuations of model on a roll) and, (at fluctuations on roving), where ao corner of attack. Derivatives may be measured at motionless model and angular fluctuations of a stream or at linear fluctuations of model and a constant stream. At equal angular fluctuations of model and a stream derivatives , (may be measured at antiphase fluctuations) or complexes , (at inphase).

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Zakharov M. A.

On the basis of the specified model of aerodynamic factors of the longitudinal movement, taking into account non-stationary effects отрывного flows at the big corners of attack, the mathematical model of spatial movement of the maneuverable plane with reduction of its(her) system of the nonlinear differential equations an initial kind is constructed. The initial data for introduction in the program of the decision of the specified system on the digital computer are prepared. The initial data on aerodynamic factors are taken from known (covering ranges 0...90o for corners -40o...40o for corners ). Also are approximately predicted for corners -720o...720o under the periodic law. The constructed model is illustrated with decisions at various positions of controls by plane.

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Zakharov M. A.

The comparative analysis of non-stationary components will be carried out(spent) (caused by the vertical plumage, dependent on a derivative of a corner of sliding on time ) For various cases of a relative ventilation of the plane: at movement of the plane (in flight) and at movement of air concerning motionless (and also rotating) the plane (for example, in an aeropipe on installation with an opportunity of periodic change of a direction of a stream). Corners of attack and a corner of a taper of a stream on vertical plumage are determined valid and settlement (stationary). The current corner of a taper of a stream on vertical plumage contains a corner of a stationary taper and a corner proportional . At definition of total non-stationary components on the specified installation, there is the methodical error caused by distinction of values For moving and motionless planes.

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Matveev A. I., Abidin V. B.

Conventional take-off and landing (CTOL) and short take-off and landing (STOVL) fighters space-time performance impacted on their combat capabilities and performance, is compared. Unified on most fundamental parameters CTOL and STOVL fighters intended for identical design combat missions set with similar ordnance payload, are considered. It is demonstrated, that for the considered design combat missions set of tactical fighters and for the performance area analysed, STOVL fighters are significantly superior to CTOL fighters.

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Popovich K. F., Shkolin V. P.

The architecture of integrated avionics complex for UBS Yak-130 combat trainer is considered. The complex was designed on the basis of bus and modular computer system networks as well as the possibility of its using is shown for the light multipurpose aircraft.

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Space technics and technology

Guan S., Dudchenko A. A., Endogur A. I.

From the view of the minimum displacement, this paper analyses a three-layer cylindrical shell fixed on four beams (two horizontal longitudinal beams and two transverse elastic circular beams), and calculates the optimum positions of the transverse beams and the optimum structural parameters of the shell and beams.

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Mathematics. Physics. Mechanics

Khrapko R. I.

Absorption of a circularly polarized light beam by electric conductive medium is considered. It is confirmed that the beam carries the double angular momentum in comparison with the prediction of the standard Maxwell electrodynamics. So, the electrodynamics is not complete. A spin tensor and a torque bivector are used. The torque bivector is an analog of Lorentz force. The both quantities are absent in the modern electrodynamics.

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