Indicators computing technique for energy-information effectiveness mode indicators of unmanned aerial vehicles for remote sensing functioning


DOI: 10.34759/trd-2021-117-17

Аuthors

Zulfugarli P. R.

Azerbaijan Technical University, 25, Hussein Javid prosp., Baku, 370073, Azerbaijan

e-mail: Peri.rzayeva30@gmail.com

Abstract

One of the major UAV shortages is limitation imposed on its energy provision. This shortage necessitates optimal distribution of the UAV energy balance by optimal selection of its flight trajectory and communication order. Alongside with that, the final product of the reconnaissance type UAV is the information volume collected while the performed flight. The main inference from the above said is that the UAV should operate in the energy-informational effective functioning mode. The purpose of the presented work consists in developing the technique for optimal mode parameters computing, ensuring energy-informational effective mode of the UAV functioning.

The suggested technique is based on the UAV representation of as a cyber-physical system fed by electric battery, and envisages performing a two-step optimization of the UAV functioning. The first step implements optimization of energy consumption optimization based of the battery discharge model. The optimization criterion at the first step is the indicator of the distance covered, defined as a product of the optimal speed of the cyber-physical system and the flight time during which the battery discharge was minimum at the minimum computed load current and specified battery capacity. At the second stage, the optimization criterion is the quantity of the procured information at the fixed length of the passed flight track.

The authors formed and solved the problem of the remote sensing UAV functioning optimization, performing the flight in energy-informational effective mode. Quadratic equation, which solution allowed determining the optimal load current value was obtained. Formulas for computing the stages optimality criteria of the suggested two-stage optimization method of the remote sensing UAV were obtained as well.

The obtained results may be employed in developing highly effective UAV implemented with a view of remote sensing information collecting and processing in the extended time functioning.

The major outcome of performed study consists in the possibility of the UAV energy-informational functioning implementation intended for of information collecting and remote sensing.

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), energy provision, cyber-physical system, optimization, energy-information criterion, effectiveness

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