Studying algorithm of bank angle limitation near the Earth surface employing test bench

Dynamics, ballistics, movement control of flying vehicles


Kozyaychev A. N.

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after N.E. Zhukovsky, TsAGI, 1, Zhukovsky str., Zhukovsky, Moscow Region, 140180, Russia



The relevance of the problem of runway surface contacting with a wing or a nacelle for the modern airliners (wing or nacelle strike) is presented in the article. To solve of this problem the author suggests limit the maximal bank angle near a runway surface. It is suggested to employ the dependence of maximal bank angle on flight altitude. The description of the bank angle protection algorithm near ground is based on the principle of switching between a control signal from the pilot and a signal for stabilization of the set maximal bank angle in case of its surpassing. To demonstrate functioning and performing simulator studies, the of bank angle protection near ground algorithm was included in a flight control system algorithms of the perspective medium-range airliner.

The results of the studies of the of bank angle protection near ground algorithm obtained at the TsAGI flight simulator with participation of test pilots are presented. Various options of roll control at take-off, landing and maneuvering on roll near ground including landings with a crosswind and with a gust of crosswind were considered. In th course of the studies at flight simulator of the of bank angle protection near ground the algorithm was modified based on proposal of test pilots. The modified bank angle protection near ground algorithm was highly appreciated by pilots as the function increasing comfort of operation, especially in cross wind when maneuvering on a roll near ground. In addition, this algorithm was recommended by test pilots for including in algorithms of a flight control system of perspective airliners.


perspective civil aircraft, security, take–off, landing, bank angle limiting, flight simulator stand


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